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Interestingly enough, in some tales, Huracan is the one who split opens the mountains by his lightning to reveal the hidden maize seed, thereby leading to the agricultural prowess of the Maya people.
To that end, the very connection of the act of suicide and a Mayan deity was probably first made by 16th-century Spanish bishop Diego de Landa.
He went on to hint at how in Mayan circles, suicide committed due to depression, sickness or pain was seen in a relatively positive light, and as such, the deceased person was allowed to the gloria heaven , often accompanied by Ix Tab, the goddess of the gallows.
As for another hypothesis, Ix Tab might have been the female version of Ah Tab or Ah Tabay — a minor Mayan god of hunting associated with snaring or deceiving.
Often associated with alcoholic brews, Acan or Akan was regarded as one of the Mayan gods who reveled in the boisterous celebrations and drinking.
Unsurprisingly, he was the patron of balche , a Mesoamerican cocktail made from fermented honey and the bitter bark of Blache tree.
In some cases, Acan was also represented as a close friend or aspect of Cucoch , the Mayan god of creative endeavors, thereby also underlining how artistic flair was seen as an extension of recreational activities.
Also known as the Feathered Serpent Quetzalcoatl in Aztec mythology , the origins of Kukulkan go back to the Late Preclassic Period, as is evident from the representation of the serpent god found at the Olmec site of La Venta.
The stela, dating from some time between — BC, portrays a serpent rearing its head behind a person possibly a priest. Incredibly enough, given the diversity of cultures in Mesoamerica and the ever-evolving nature of myths and lore, Kukulkan was also portrayed in forms that went beyond the morphology of serpents.
For example, dating from circa — AD, there are a few representations of Kukulkan, especially from the site of Xochicalco a pre-Columbian site that was settled by Mayan traders that are distinctly human in form.
Beliefs and rituals also included various practices to attain purification. This included fasting, bathing, and sexual abstinence.
Pilgrimages were carried out to different places which had religious significance. The concept of sacrifice was quite important in relation to Mayan gods and goddesses.
As per the Mayan mythology, the gods sacrificed their body parts and lives in order to create the world and thus sacrifices offered by humans were a sign of gratitude.
This included offering of food and material possessions, the ritual of bloodletting and most importantly, the human sacrifice. The concept of human sacrifice was not as important as among the Aztecs but it was nonetheless performed in a variety of ways.
The Maya worshipped many gods. Mayan gods could change themselves into human and animal shapes. Mayan god Chin was associated with homosexual relationships.
According to the Spanish monks who accompanied the conquistadors, it was customary among the Mayans to allow sexual relationships between young men and young boys.
Such relationships were encouraged by the fathers who saw this as a fulfillment of a tradition set by the deity, Chin. In Mayan mythology, the god Chin had a similar relationship with a demon.
This was seen as a religious acceptance of homosexual relationships among the Mayans. Hunab Ku in Mayan means the Sole God. This deity has been at the center of a scholastic dispute that has been ongoing for centuries.
Wikipedia list article. Maize god and Itzamna. Alphabetical name listing. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. Retrieved 9 May Lists of mythological figures.
Portal Category. Categories : Maya mythology and religion Maya gods Maya goddesses Mesoamerican deities Lists of deities Mythology-related lists.
Itzamn was always benevolent. Although second in power, Chac was first in importance as the god of rain, and by association, the weather and fertility.
Ah Mun was the corn god and the god of agriculture. He was always represented as a youth, often with a corn ear headdress. Misty Sky is most often illustrated as an ancient man, stooped with age, with a prominent, beaked nose and a sunken, toothless mouth.
Occasionally pictured smoking a cigar, God L is also associated with tobacco, jaguars, and caves.
Chac Chel "Rainbow" or the "Great End" is known as Goddess O, an old and powerful woman who wears spotted jaguar ears and paws—or perhaps she is an older version of Ix Chel.
Unlike modern western mythology which perceives rainbows as beautiful and positive omens, the Maya considered them the "flatulence of the deities," and were thought to arise out of dry wells and caves, sources of sickness.
Frequently appearing clawed and fanged and wearing a skirt marked with death symbols, Chac Chel is associated with birth and creation, as well as death and the destruction and rebirth of the world.
She wears a twisted-serpent headdress. Ix Chel , or Goddess I, is a frequently clawed goddess who wears a serpent as a headdress.
Ix Chel is sometimes illustrated as a young woman and sometimes as an old one. Sometimes she is portrayed as a man, and at other times she has both male and female characteristics.
Some scholars argue that Ix Chel is the same deity as Chac Chel; the two are simply different aspects of the same goddess.
There is even some evidence that Ix Chel is not this goddess's name, but whatever her name was, Goddess I is the goddess of the moon, childbirth, fertility, pregnancy, and weaving, and she is often illustrated wearing a lunar crescent, a rabbit and a beak-like nose.
According to colonial records, there were Maya shrines dedicated to her on Cozumel island. There are many other gods and goddesses in the Maya pantheon, avatars of others or versions of Pan-Mesoamerican deities, those who appear in some or all of the other Mesoamerican religions, such as Aztec, Toltec, Olmec, and Zapotec.